PDF
OA 학술지
Three-Channel Output Multiplexer Design Using Band-Pass Filter and Ultra-Wideband Antenna
  • cc icon
  • cc icon
ABSTRACT

We have designed a three-channel output multiplexer (OMUX) using a band-pass filter and an ultra-wideband (UWB) antenna. The proposed band-pass filter is composed of an inner rectangular loop, an outer open stub, and a defected ground structure. The outer open stub can be used to control the pass band, and the inner rectangular loop can improve the insertion loss characteristics of the band-pass filter. The proposed band-pass filter, UWB antenna, and OMUX are fabricated and measured. The designed OMUX can cover the band group 1 (3,168–4,752 MHz) of WiX system. The measured radiation patterns are close to those of a conventional dipole antenna and the measured antenna gain varies from 1.8 dBi to 3 dBi over the operating frequency range.


KEYWORD
Band-Pass Filter , DGS , Inner Rectangular Loop , Outer Open Stub , OMUX , WiX , WVAN
  • I. INTRODUCTION

    An intelligent Wireless eXpress (WiX) system with dual power mode (low power and high power) and multi-band (bands #1, #2, and #3: band group 1) is the best solution for WVAN technology because of its low power consumption and high potential for commercial CMOS products. Using multi-band (3 bands: band group 1) and WiMedia UWB PHY data rate extension (DRE) technology, maximum ultra-high speed wireless transmission of 3 Gbps is possible. The frequency range of the three bands is 3,168–4,752 MHz and each band has a 528-MHz bandwidth, which is the same as the WiMedia UWB bandwidth [13]. An output multiplexer (OMUX) is used to combine the multiple frequency bands of a signal in a transceiver. It consists of channel filters, a manifold, and a wide-band antenna. The OMUX should guarantee no signal distortion at each band and high isolation from the near channels to maintain the quality of the communication.

    In this paper, we have proposed a three-channel OMUX combined with an UWB antenna. The design procedure is as follows: first, we have designed the band-pass filter using an inner rectangular loop [4], an outer open stub [4,5], and a defected ground structure (DGS) [6]. To improve the insertion loss of the proposed band-pass filter, the inner rectangular loop is inserted into the outer open loop. According to the simulations, the center frequency of the band-pass filter can be controlled by changing the geometry of the outer open stub. The outer open stub can also suppress the harmonics of the bandpass filter [7]. Second, we have designed UWB antenna by modifying that of [8]. Finally, we have integrated the UWB antenna with the three-channel OMUX on a single dielectric substrate. The simulations were conducted by an Ansoft highfrequency structure simulator (HFSS). The measured results of the fabricated prototype are given with the simulated results. We also have measured the return loss, insertion loss, radiation patterns, and antenna gain.

    II. BAND-PASS FILTER DESIGN AND SIMULATED/MEASURED RESULTS

    Fig. 1 shows the geometry of the proposed band-pass filter for OMUX [7]. The proposed band-pass filter has dimensions of 26 mm × 25 mm and the dielectric substrate has a height of 0.8 mm and a relative dielectric constant of 4.5 (Rogers-TMM4). The band-pass filter is excited by a 50-Ω feed line with a line width of 1.5 mm. The center frequency of the bandpass filter is 3,432 MHz and the bandwidth is 528 MHz. In this design, we have used three techniques: inner rectangular loop, outer open stub, and DGS. The inner rectangular loop and DGS are used to improve the insertion loss and the outer open stub is used to control the center frequency of the band-pass filter. The length of the outer open stub is almost a half wavelength at the center frequency. The optimal design parameters are chosen as L = 25 mm, W = 26 mm, LL = 12.5 mm, LW = 3 mm, SL = 5 mm, Sg = 0.2 mm, g1 = 0.2 mm, g2 = 0.4 mm, DW = 3.4 mm, and DL = 12.5 mm. All dimensions of the band-pass filter are obtained from the extensive simulation using HFSS. The proposed band-pass filter is fabricated and measured using an Anritsu Vector Network Analyzer (37397C) in an anechoic chamber. Fig. 2 demonstrates the simulated and meaured return losses and insertion losses of the proposed bandpass filter. The measured results agree well with the simulated results. Fig. 3 shows the measured results of the return loss and the insertion loss as a function of the length of the outer open stub (SL). As shown in the figure, each center frequency (3.432, 3.960, and 4.488 GHz) can be moved by changing the length of SL. The measured bandwidths are 530 MHz (3.17–3.7 GHz, SL = 5 mm), 550 MHz (3.7–4.25 GHz, SL = 3 mm), and 570 MHz (4.23–4.8 GHz, SL = 1.5 mm), respectively. The measured insertion losses are 1.8 dB (at 3.432 GHz), 1.8 dB (at 3.960 GHz), and 2.0 dB (at 4.488 GHz), respectively.

    III. THREE-CHANNEL OMUX DESIGN USING BAND-PASS FILTER AND UWB ANTENNA

    Fig. 4 illustrates the three-channel OMUX design using the proposed band-pass filter and a manifold. The proposed three-channel OMUX has four ports. Port 1 is the antenna input and other three ports are for the multi-band of the WiX system. The three-channel OMUX has the dimensions of 64 mm × 50 mm and the dielectric substrate is the Rogers-TMM4 (height = 0.8 mm, relative dielectric constant = 4.5). The basic geometry of each band-pass filter is the same and only the length of the outer open stub is different at each center frequency. In this design, the length of the outer open stub is 5, 3, and 1.5 mm, respectively. In the manifold design, we have used the microstrip line and one via hole for the impedance matching and isolation among the three bands. The isolations among the 2, 3, and 4 ports are –20, –30, and –45 dB, respectively. Fig. 5 presents the measured results of the proposed three-channel OMUX. The measured bandwidth can cover the multi-band of the WiX system (3.168–4.752 GHz). The measured insertion loss is less than 1.5 dB.

    Fig. 6 shows the UWB antenna geometry of the three-channel OMUX. We have designed this antenna by modifying the UWB antenna of [8]. The size of the UWB antenna is 30 mm × 30 mm and the same substrate (Rogers-TMM4) is used for the UWB antenna design. The proposed UWB antenna consists of a rectangular patch, two matching steps (12 mm × 1 mm and 4 mm × 1 mm), and a partial ground plane. The designed UWB antenna characteristics are similar with those in [8]. The UWB antenna can cover the entire UWB system from 2.8 GHz to 10.5 GHz. The radiation patterns are similar to those of a dipole antenna.

    Finally, we have integrated the UWB antenna with the three-channel OMUX. The geometry of the three-channel OMUX including the UWB antenna is shown in Fig. 7. Fig. 8 illustrates the measured return loss and antenna gain of the integrated OMUX. The measured impedance bandwidths (S11< –10 dB) are 4.38–5 GHz (port 2), 3.87–4.4 GHz (port 3), and 3.34–3.78 GHz (port 4), respectively. The measured radiation patterns of the integrated OMUX are plotted in Fig. 9 at the center frequency (3.432, 3.96, and 4.488 GHz). The measured radiation patterns are similar to those of the conventional UWB antenna [8]. The antenna gain is also measured at each port and is plotted in Fig. 10. As indicated in the figure, the antenna gain is high in the pass-band and low in the stop-band.

    IV. CONCLUSION

    A compact three-channel OMUX combined with the UWB antenna is designed, fabricated, and characterized for the WiX multi-band system. First, we have designed a compact bandpass filter using the inner rectangular loop, the outer open stub, and DGS. Next, we have designed a three-channel OMUX using the proposed band-pass filters and a manifold for the WiX system. Finally, we have integrated the three-channel OMUX with an UWB antenna. The designed three-channel OMUX has good impedance matching at each band and has the radiation pattern of a conventional UWB antenna. Thus, the proposed three-channel OMUX can be used for the WiX multi-band system.

참고문헌
  • 1. Lee S., Lee S. S., Jeon Y., Choi S., Cho K. R. 2011 "Gigabit UWB video transmission system for wireless video area network," [in Proceedings of 2011 IEEE International Conference on Consumer Electronics (ICCE)] P.299-300 google
  • 2. Hanzo L., Cherriman P. J., Streit J. 2011 Wireless Video Communications: Second to Third Generation and Beyond. google
  • 3. Sun M. T., Reibman A. R. 2001 Compressed Video over Networks. google
  • 4. Hong J. S., Lancaster M. J. 2000 "Design of highly selective microstrip bandpass filters with a single pair of attenuation poles at finite frequencies," [IEEE Transactions on Microwave Theory and Techniques] Vol.48 P.1098-1107 google doi
  • 5. Tang C. W., Liang H. H. 2005 "Parallel-coupled stacked sirs bandpass filters with open-loop resonators for suppression of spurious responses," [IEEE Microwave and Wireless Components Letters] Vol.15 P.802-804 google doi
  • 6. Zhu L., Bu H., Wu K. 2002 "Broadband and compact multipole microstrip bandpass filters using ground plane aperture technique," [IEE Proceedings - Microwaves, Antennas and Propagation] Vol.149 P.71-77 google doi
  • 7. Lee J. N., Song K. O., Lee S. S., Lee K. D., Park J. K. 2011 "Design of band-pass filter with harmonics suppression using open stub," [in Proceedings of 2011 Asia-Pacific Microwave Conference (APMC)] P.418-420 google
  • 8. Choi S. H., Park J. K., Kim S. K., Park J. Y. 2004 "A new ultra-wideband antenna for UWB applications," [Microwave and Optical Technology Letters] Vol.40 P.399-401 google doi
OAK XML 통계
이미지 / 테이블
  • [ Fig. 1. ]  Geometry of the proposed band-pass filter [7]: (a) top plane and (b) bottom plane.
    Geometry of the proposed band-pass filter [7]: (a) top plane and (b) bottom plane.
  • [ Fig. 2. ]  Measured and simulated results: (a) return loss and (b) insertion loss.
    Measured and simulated results: (a) return loss and (b) insertion loss.
  • [ Fig. 3. ]  Measured return and insertion losses as a function of SL: (a) return loss and (b) insertion loss.
    Measured return and insertion losses as a function of SL: (a) return loss and (b) insertion loss.
  • [ Fig. 4. ]  Geometry of the proposed three-channel band-pass filters: (a) top plane and (b) bottom plane.
    Geometry of the proposed three-channel band-pass filters: (a) top plane and (b) bottom plane.
  • [ Fig. 5. ]  Measured results of the proposed three-channel band-pass filers.
    Measured results of the proposed three-channel band-pass filers.
  • [ Fig. 6. ]  Proposed ultra-wideband antenna.
    Proposed ultra-wideband antenna.
  • [ Fig. 7. ]  Three-channel output multiplexer with ultra-wideband antenna: (a) top plane, (b) bottom plane, and (c) photo.
    Three-channel output multiplexer with ultra-wideband antenna: (a) top plane, (b) bottom plane, and (c) photo.
  • [ Fig. 8. ]  Measured return loss of the three-channel output multiplexer ith ultra-wideband antenna.
    Measured return loss of the three-channel output multiplexer ith ultra-wideband antenna.
  • [ Fig. 9. ]  Measured radiation patterns: (a) xz-plane at 3.432 GHz, (b) xzplane at 3.960 GHz, and (c) xz-plane at 4.488 GHz.
    Measured radiation patterns: (a) xz-plane at 3.432 GHz, (b) xzplane at 3.960 GHz, and (c) xz-plane at 4.488 GHz.
  • [ Fig. 10. ]  Measured antenna gain.
    Measured antenna gain.
(우)06579 서울시 서초구 반포대로 201(반포동)
Tel. 02-537-6389 | Fax. 02-590-0571 | 문의 : oak2014@korea.kr
Copyright(c) National Library of Korea. All rights reserved.