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Common Fixed Point and Example for Type(β) Compatible Mappings with Implicit Relation in an Intuitionistic Fuzzy Metric Space
ABSTRACT
Common Fixed Point and Example for Type(β) Compatible Mappings with Implicit Relation in an Intuitionistic Fuzzy Metric Space
KEYWORD
Type(β) compatible map , Fixed point , Implicit relation
본문
• ### 1. Introduction

Zadeh [1] introduced the concept of fuzzy sets in 1965 and in the next decade, Grabiec [2] obtained the Banach contraction principle in setting of fuzzy metric spaces, Also, Altun and Turkoglu [3] proved some fixed theorems using implicit relations in fuzzy metric spaces. Furthermore, Park et al. [4] defined the intuitionistic fuzzy metric space, and Park et al. [5] proved a fixed point theorem of Banach for the contractive mapping of a complete intuitionistic fuzzy metric space. Recently, Park [6, 7], Park et al. [8] obtained a unique common fixed point theorem for type(𝛼) and type(𝛽) compatible mappings defined on intuitionistic fuzzy metric space. Also, authors proved the fixed point theorem using compatible properties in many articles [912].

In this paper, we will obtain a unique common fixed point theorem and example for this theorem under the type(𝛽) compatible four mappings with implicit relations defined on intuitionistic fuzzy metric space.

### 2. Preliminaries

We will give some definitions, properties of the intuitionistic fuzzy metric space X as following:

Let us recall (see [13]) that a continuous t–norm is a binary operation ⁎ : [0, 1] × [0, 1] → [0, 1] which satisfies the following conditions:(a)⁎ is commutative and associative; (b)⁎ is continuous; (c)a ⁎ 1 = a for all a ∈ [0, 1]; (d)abcd whenever ac and bd (a, b, c, d ∈ [0, 1]).

Similarly, a continuous t–conorm is a binary operation : [0, 1] × [0, 1] → [0, 1] which satisfies the following conditions:

(a) is commutative and associative; (b) is continuous; (c) a 0 = a for all a ∈ [0, 1]; (d) a b ≥ c d whenever a ≤ c and b ≤ d (a, b, c, d ∈ [0, 1]).

Definition 2.1. ([14]) The 5..tuple (X,M,N, ⁎, ) is said to be an intuitionistic fuzzy metric space (IFMS) if X is an arbitrary set, ⁎ is a continuous t–norm, is a continuous t–conorm and M,N are fuzzy sets on X2 × (0,∞) satisfying the following conditions; for all x, y, zX, such that

(a) M(x,y,t) > 0, (b) M(x,y,t) = 1 x = y, (c) M(x,y,t) = M(y, x, t), (d) M(x,y,t) ⁎ M(y, z, s) ≤ M(x, z, t + s), (e) M(x,y,⋅) : (0,∞) → (0, 1] is continuous, (f) N(x,y,t) > 0, (g) N(x,y,t) = 0 x = y, (h) N(x,y,t) = N(y, x, t), (i) N(x,y,t) N(y, z, s) ≥ N(x, z, t + s), (j) N(x,y,⋅) : (0,∞) → (0, 1] is continuous.

Note that (M, N) is called an IFM on X. The functions M(x, y, t) and N(x, y, t) denote the degree of nearness and the degree of non-nearness between x and y with respect to t, respectively.

Definition 2.2. ([6]) Let X be an IFMS.

(a) {xn} is said to be convergent to a point xX if, for any 0 < 𝜖 < 1 and t > 0, there exists n0N such that

M(xn, x, t) > 1 – 𝜖, N(xn, x, t) < 𝜖

for all nn0.

(b) {xn} is called a Cauchy sequence if for any 0 < 𝜖 < 1 and t > 0, there exists n0N such that

M(xn, xm, t) > 1 – 𝜖, N(xn, xm, t) < 𝜖

for all m, nn0.

(c) X is complete if every Cauchy sequence converges in X.

Lemma 2.3. ([8]) Let X be an IFMS. If there exists a number k ∈ (0, 1) such that for all x, yX and t > 0,

M(x, y, kt) ≥ M(x, y, t), N(x, y, kt) ≤ N(x, y, t),

then x = y.

Definition 2.4. ([7]) Let A,B be mappings from IFMS X into itself. The mappings are said to be type(𝛽) compatible if for all t > 0,

whenever {xn} ⊂ X such that for some xX.

Proposition 2.5. ([15]) Let X be an IFMS with ttt and t tt for all t ∈ [0, 1]. A,B be type(𝛽) compatible maps from X into itself and let {xn} be a sequence in X such that Axn,Bxnx for some xX. Then we have the following

(a) BBxn → Ax if A is continuous at x, (b) AAxn → Bx if B is continuous at x, (c) ABx = BAx and Ax = Bx if A and B are continuous at x.

Implicit relations on fuzzy metric spaces have been used in many articles ([3, 16]). Let = {ϕM, 𝜓N}, I = [0, 1], ϕM, 𝜓N : I6R be continuous functions and ⁎, be a continuous t-norm, t-conorm. Now, we consider the following conditions ([6]):

(I) ϕM is decreasing and 𝜓N is increasing in sixth variables.

(II) If, for some k ∈ (0, 1), we have

for any fixed t > 0, any nondecreasing functions u, v : (0,∞) → I with 0 < u(t), v(t) ≤ 1, and any nonincreasing functions x, y : (0,∞) → I with 0 < x(t), y(t) ≤ 1, then there exists h ∈ (0, 1) with

u(ht) ≥ v(t) ⁎ u(t), x(ht) ≤ y(t) x(t).

(III) If, for some k ∈ (0, 1), we have

ϕM(u(kt), u(t), 1, 1, u(t), u(t)) ≥ 1

for any fixed t > 0 and any nondecreasing function u : (0,∞) → I, then u(kt) ≥ u(t). Also, if, for some k ∈ (0, 1), we have

𝜓N(x(kt), x(t), 0, 0, x(t), x(t)) ≤ 1

for any fixed t > 0 and any nonincreasing function x : (0,∞) → I, then x(kt) ≤ x(t).

Example 2.6. ([6]) Let ab = min{a, b} and ab = max{a, b},

Also, let t > 0, 0 < u(t), v(t), x(t), y(t) ≤ 1, k ∈ (0, ½ ) where u, v : [0,∞) → I are nondecreasing functions and x, y : [0,∞) → I are nonincreasing functions. Now, suppose

then from Park [6], ϕM, 𝜓N ∈ .

### 3. Main Results and Example

Now, we will prove some common fixed point theorem for four mappings on complete IFMS as follows:

Theorem 3.1. Let X be a complete intuitionistic fuzzy metric space with ab = min{a, b}, ab = max{a, b} for all a, bI and A, B, S and T be mappings from X into itself satisfying the conditions:

(a) S(X) ⊆ B(X) and T(X) ⊆ A(X), (b) One of the mappings A, B, S, T is continuous, (c) A and S as well as B and T are type(𝛽) compatible (d) There exist k ∈ (0, 1) and ϕM, 𝜓N ∈ such that

for all x, y ∈ X and t > 0.

Then A, B, S and T have a unique common fixed point in X.

Proof. Let x0 be an arbitrary point of X. Then from Theorem 3.1 of ([6]), we can construct a Cauchy sequence {yn} ⊂ X. Since X is complete, {yn} converges to a point xX. Since {Ax2n+2}, {Bx2n+1}, {Sx2n} and {Tx2n+1} ⊂ {yn}, we have

Now, let A is continuous. Then

By Proposition 2.5,

Using condition (d), we have, for any t > 0,

and by letting n → ∞, ϕM, 𝜓N are continuous, we have

Therefore, by (III), we have

M(Ax, x, kt) ≥ M(Ax, x, t),

N(Ax, x, kt) ≤ N(Ax, x, t).

Hence Ax = x from Lemma 2.3. Also, we have, by condition (d),

and, let n → ∞, we have

On the other hand, since

ϕM is nonincreasing and 𝜓N is nondecreasing in the fifth variable, we have, for any t > 0,

which implies that Sx = x. Since S(X) ⊆ B(X), there exists a point yX such that By = x. Using condition (d), we have

which implies that x = Ty. Since By = Ty = x and B, T are type(𝛽) compatible, we have TTy = BBy. Hence Tx = TTy = BBy = Bx. Therefore, from (d), we have, for any t > 0,

From (III), we have

M(x, Tx, kt) ≥ M(x, Tx, t),

M(x, Tx, kt) ≤ M(x, Tx, t).

Therefore, we have x = Tx = Bx from Lemma 2.3. Hence x is a common fixed point of A,B, S and T. The same result holds if we assume that B is continuous instead of A.

Now, suppose that S is continuous. Then

By Proposition 2.5,

Using (d), we have for any t > 0,

and by n → ∞, since ϕM, 𝜓N ∈ are continuous, we have

Thus, we have, from (III),

M(Sx, x, kt) ≥ M(Sx, x, t),

N(Sx, x, kt) ≤ N(Sx, x, t).

Hence Sx = x by Lemma 2.3. Since S(X) ⊆ B(X), there exists a point zX such that Bz = x. Using (d), we have

letting n → ∞, we get

which implies that x = Tz. Since Bz = Tz = x and B, T are type(𝛽) compatible, we have TBz = BBz and so Tx = TBz = BBz = Bx. Thus, we have

letting n → ∞,

Thus, x = Tx = Bx. Since T(X) ⊆ A(X), there exists wX such that Aw = x. Thus, from (d),

Hence we have x = Sw = Aw. Also, since A, S are type(𝛽) compatible,

x = Sx = SSw = AAw = Ax.

Hence x is a common fixed point of A,B, S and T. The same result holds if we assume that T is continuous instead of S.

Finally, suppose that A, B, S and T have another common fixed point u. Then we have, for any t > 0,

Therefore, from (III), x = u. This completes the proof.

Example 3.2. Let X be a intuitionistic fuzzy metric space with X = [0, 1], ⁎, be t-norm and t-conorm defined by

a ⁎ b = min{a, b}, a b = max{a, b}

for all a, bX. Also, let M, N be fuzzy sets on X2 × (0,∞) defined by

Let ϕM, 𝜓N : X6R be defined as in Example 2.6 and define the maps A, B, S, T : XX by Ax = x, and . Then, for some , we have

Thus the condition (d) of Theorem 3.1 is satisfied. Also, it is obvious that the other conditions of the theorem are satisfied. Therefore 0 is the unique common fixed point of A, B, S and T.

### 4. Conclusion

Park et al. [4, 5] defined an IFMS and proved uniquely existence fixed point for the mappings satisfying some properties in an IFMS. Also, Park et al. [8] studied the type(𝛼) compatible mapping, and Park [7] proved some properties of type(𝛽) compatibility in an IFMS.

In this paper, we obtain a unique common fixed point and example for type(𝛽) compatible mappings under implicit relations in an IFMS. This paper attempted to develop a proof method according to some conditions based on the fundamental properties and results in this space. I think that this results will be extended and applied to the other spaces, and further research should be conducted to determine how to combine the collaborative learning algorithm with our proof method in the future.

### Conflict of Interest

참고문헌
• 1. Zadeh L.A. 1965 “Fuzzy sets,” [Information and control] Vol.8 P.338-353
• 2. Grabiec M. 1988 “Fixed point in fuzzy metric spaces,” [Fuzzy Sets and Systems] Vol.27 P.385-389
• 3. Altun I., Turkoglu D. 2008 “Some fixed point theorems on fuzzy metric spaces with implicit relations,” [Communications of the Korean Mathematical Society] Vol.23 P.111-124
• 4. Park J.S., Kwun Y.C., Park J.H. 2005 “A fixed point theorem in the intuitionistic fuzzy metric spaces,” [Far East Journal of Mathematical Sciences] Vol.16 P.137-149
• 5. Park J.S., Park J.H., Kwun Y.C. 2007 “Fixed point theorems in intuitionistic fuzzy metric space(I)” [JP Journal of fixed point Theory and Applications] Vol.2 P.79-89
• 6. Park J.S. 2010 “Common fixed point for compatible mappings of type(？？) on intuitionistic fuzzy metric space with implicit relations,” [Honam Mathematical Journal] Vol.32 P.663-673
• 7. Park J.S. 2013 “Some common fixed points for type(？？) compatible maps in an intuitionistic fuzzy metric space,” [International Journal of Fuzzy Logic and Intelligent Systems] Vol.13 P.147-153
• 8. Park J.S., Park J.H., Kwun Y.C. 2008 “On some results for five mappings using compatibility of type(？？) in intuitionistic fuzzy metric space” [International Journal of Fuzzy Logic and Intelligent Systems] Vol.8 P.299-305
• 9. Park J. H., Park J. S., Kwun Y. C. 2008 “Fixed points in M-fuzzy metric spaces,” [Fuzzy Optimization and Decision Making] Vol.7 P.305-315
• 10. Park J. S. 2012 “Fixed point theorems for weakly compatible functions using (JCLR) property in intuitionistic fuzzy metric space,” [International Journal of Fuzzy Logic and Intelligent Systems] Vol.12 P.296-299
• 11. Park J. S. 2011 “Some fixed point theorems using compatible maps in intuitionistic fuzzy metric space,” [International Journal of Fuzzy Logic and Intelligent Systems] Vol.11 P.108-112
• 12. Park J. S. 2011 “On fixed point theorem of weak compatible maps of type(？？) in complete intuitionistic fuzzy metric space,” [International Journal of Fuzzy Logic and Intelligent Systems] Vol.11 P.38-43
• 13. Schweizer B., Sklar A. 1960 “Statistical metric spaces,” [Pacific Journal of Mathematics] Vol.10 P.313-334
• 14. Park J. H., Park J. S., Kwun Y. C. September 24-28, 2006 “A common fixed point theorem in the intuitionistic fuzzy metric space,” [in 2nd International Conference on Natural Computation] P.293-300
• 15. Sharma S., Desphande B. 2002 “Common fixed points of compatible maps of type(？？) on fuzzy metric spaces,” [Demonsratio Mathematics] Vol.35 P.165-174
• 16. Imbad M., Kumar S., Khan M. S. 2002 “Remarks on some fixed point theorems satisfying implicit relations,” [Radovi Mathematics] Vol.11 P.135-143
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