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First Record of Two Urostyloid Ciliates (Spirotrichea: Urostylida: Urostyloidea) from Brackish Water in Korea
  • 비영리 CC BY-NC
  • 비영리 CC BY-NC
ABSTRACT
First Record of Two Urostyloid Ciliates (Spirotrichea: Urostylida: Urostyloidea) from Brackish Water in Korea
KEYWORD
Diaxonella , Pseudokeronopsis , hypotrichs , redescription , estuary , brackish water , morphology
참고문헌
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  • 2. Berger H 2006 Monograph of the Urostyloidea (CiliophoraHypotricha). P.1-1303 google
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  • 9. Jankowski AW 1979 Revision of the order Hypotrichida Stein1859. Generic catalogue phylogeny taxonomy. [Trudy Zoo-logicheskogo Instituta Akademii Nauk SSSR] Vol.86 P.46-85 google
  • 10. Jerka-Dziadosz M, Janus I 1972 Localization of primordiaduring cortical development in Keronopsis rubra (Ehrbg.1838) (Hypotrichida). [Acta Protozoologica] Vol.10 P.249-262 google
  • 11. Kahl A 1932 Urtiere oder Protozoa. I: Wimpertiere oder Ciliata (Infusoria) 3. Spirotricha. [Die Tierwelt Deutschlands] Vol.25 P.399-650 google
  • 12. Kent WS 1882 A manual of the infusoria: including a descrip-tion of all known flagellate ciliate and tentaculiferous pro-tozoa British and foreign and an account of the organization and affinities of the sponges. Vol. 2. P.721-913 google
  • 13. Lynn DH 2008 The ciliated protozoa: characterization classi-fication and guide to the literature. P.1-605 google
  • 14. Lynn DH, Small EB 2002 Phylum Ciliophora. In: An illustrated guide to the Protozoa: organisms traditionally referred to as protozoa or newly discovered groups Vol. 1 (Eds. Lee JJKLeedale GF Bradbury PC). P.371-656 google
  • 15. Oberschmidleitner R, Aescht E 1996 Taxonomische Untersu-chungenuber einige Ciliaten (Ciliophora Protozoa) aus Belebtschlammen oberosterreichischer Klaranlagen. [Beitrage zur Naturkunde Oberosterreichs] Vol.4 P.3-30 google
  • 16. Shao C, Song W, Li L, Warren A, Hu X 2007 Morphological and morphogenetic redescriptions of the stichotrich ciliate Diaxonella trimarginata Jankowski 1979 (Ciliophora Sticho-trichia Urostylida). [Acta Protozoologica] Vol.46 P.25-39 google
  • 17. Song W, Sun P, Ji D 2004 Redefinition of the yellow hypotri-chous ciliate Pseudokeronopsis flava (Hypotrichida: Cilio-phora). [Journal of the Marine Biological Association of theUnited Kingdom] Vol.84 P.1137-1142 google cross ref
  • 18. Song W, Warren A, Roberts D, Wilbert N, Li L, Sun P, Hu X, Ma H 2006 Comparison and redefinition of four marinecoloured Pseudokeronopsis spp. (Ciliophora: Hypotrichida)with emphasis on their living morphology. [Acta Protozoo-logica] Vol.45 P.271-287 google
  • 19. Song W, Wilbert N, Warren A 2002 New contribution to themorphology and taxonomy of four marine hypotrichous ciliates from Qingdao China (Protozoa: Ciliophora). [Acta Protozoologica] Vol.41 P.145-162 google
  • 20. Sun P, Song WB 2005 Morphogenesis of the marine ciliate Pseudokeronopsis flava (Cohn 1866) Wirnsberger et al. 1987 (Protozoa: Ciliophora: Hypotrichida). [Acta ZoologicaSinica] Vol.51 P.81-88 google
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이미지 / 테이블
  • [ Table 1. ]  Morphometric data of Diaxonella pseudorubra pseudorubra
    Morphometric data of Diaxonella pseudorubra pseudorubra
  • [ Table 2. ]  Comparisons of Diaxonella pseudorubra pseudorubra which has different names
    Comparisons of  Diaxonella pseudorubra pseudorubra which has different names
  • [ Fig. 1. ]  Diaxonella pseudorubra pseudorubra from live (A-F) and impregnated specimens (G H). A Ventral view of a typical individual; B C Arrangement of cortical granules on ventral and dorsal sides; D Flattened lateral view; E Two kinds of cortical granules ondorsal side; F Various body shapes; G Somatic and oral infraciliature of ventral side; H Dorsal kineties and nuclear apparatus.AZM adoral zone of membranelles; BC buccal cirrus; DK dorsal kineties; EM endoral membrane; FC frontal cirri; FRC frontalrow cirri; FTC frontoterminal cirri; LMC left marginal cirri; Ma macronuclear nodules; Mi micronuclei; MVC midventral cirri; PM paroral membrane; PTC pretransverse cirri; RMC right marginal cirri; TC transverse cirri. Scale bars: A D G=50 μm E=5 μm.
    Diaxonella pseudorubra pseudorubra from live (A-F) and impregnated specimens (G H). A Ventral view of a typical individual; B C Arrangement of cortical granules on ventral and dorsal sides; D Flattened lateral view; E Two kinds of cortical granules ondorsal side; F Various body shapes; G Somatic and oral infraciliature of ventral side; H Dorsal kineties and nuclear apparatus.AZM adoral zone of membranelles; BC buccal cirrus; DK dorsal kineties; EM endoral membrane; FC frontal cirri; FRC frontalrow cirri; FTC frontoterminal cirri; LMC left marginal cirri; Ma macronuclear nodules; Mi micronuclei; MVC midventral cirri; PM paroral membrane; PTC pretransverse cirri; RMC right marginal cirri; TC transverse cirri. Scale bars: A D G=50 μm E=5 μm.
  • [ Fig. 2. ]  Photomicrographs of Diaxonella pseudorubra pseudorubra from live specimens. A Ventral view of a typical individual; B Flattened lateral view; C Contractile vacuole (arrowhead); D Somatic ciliature of the ventral side; E Arrangement of corticalgranules on the ventral side (arrowheads); F Buccal cirri (arrows) and undulating membranes (arrowhead); G Patterns of corticalgranules: larger (arrowhead) and smaller (arrow) arrangement around dorsal bristle of smaller cortical granules (double arrowhead); H Dorsal bristles (arrowhead); I Pretransverse cirri (arrow) and transverse cirri (arrowhead); J-L Various food vacuoles; J Diatom Pleurosigma sp.; K Aspidisca sp.; L Small particle of wheat grain. Scale bars: A=50 μm G H=5 μm.
    Photomicrographs of  Diaxonella pseudorubra pseudorubra from live specimens. A Ventral view of a typical individual; B Flattened lateral view; C Contractile vacuole (arrowhead); D Somatic ciliature of the ventral side; E Arrangement of corticalgranules on the ventral side (arrowheads); F Buccal cirri (arrows) and undulating membranes (arrowhead); G Patterns of corticalgranules: larger (arrowhead) and smaller (arrow) arrangement around dorsal bristle of smaller cortical granules (double arrowhead); H Dorsal bristles (arrowhead); I Pretransverse cirri (arrow) and transverse cirri (arrowhead); J-L Various food vacuoles; J Diatom Pleurosigma sp.; K Aspidisca sp.; L Small particle of wheat grain. Scale bars: A=50 μm G H=5 μm.
  • [ Fig. 3. ]  Photomicrographs of Diaxonella pseudorubra pseudorubra from impregnated specimens. A Ventral view of a typical individual; B Buccal cirri (arrowhead) and undulating membranes (arrow); C Four frontal cirri (arrowheads); D Two frontoterminal cirri (arro-wheads); E Frontal row cirri (arrowheads); F Four left marginal rows (arrowheads); G Right marginal row (arrowhead) and midventralcomplex (arrow); H Pretransverse cirri (arrow) and transverse cirri (arrowhead); I Dorsal kineties (arrowheads) and extra dorsalbristles (arrow); J Macronuclear (arrowhead) and micronuclei (arrows). Scale bars: A=50 μm J=10 μm.
    Photomicrographs of Diaxonella pseudorubra pseudorubra from impregnated specimens. A Ventral view of a typical individual; B Buccal cirri (arrowhead) and undulating membranes (arrow); C Four frontal cirri (arrowheads); D Two frontoterminal cirri (arro-wheads); E Frontal row cirri (arrowheads); F Four left marginal rows (arrowheads); G Right marginal row (arrowhead) and midventralcomplex (arrow); H Pretransverse cirri (arrow) and transverse cirri (arrowhead); I Dorsal kineties (arrowheads) and extra dorsalbristles (arrow); J Macronuclear (arrowhead) and micronuclei (arrows). Scale bars: A=50 μm J=10 μm.
  • [ Table 3. ]  Morphometric data of Pseudokeronopsis flava
    Morphometric data of  Pseudokeronopsis flava
  • [ Table 4. ]  Comparisons of different populations of Pseudokeronopsis flava
    Comparisons of different populations of Pseudokeronopsis flava
  • [ Fig. 4. ]  Pseudokeronopsis flava from live (A-E) and impregnated specimens (F G). A Ventral view of a typical individual; B Arrange-ment of cortical granules on the ventral side; C Three cortical granular rows on the dorsal side; D E Cortical granule groups (arrowhead) and “blood-cell-shaped” granules (arrow) apparatus; F Somatic and oral infraciliature of the ventral side; G Threedorsal kineties and nuclear apparatus. AZM adoral zone of membranelles; BC buccal cirrus; Bicorona FC arranged in arcs formingcirri; DK dorsal kineties; EM endoral membrane; FTC frontoterminal cirri; LMC left marginal cirri; Ma macronuclear nodules; MVCmidventral cirri; PM paroral membrane; RMC right marginal cirri; TC transverse cirri. Scale bars: A G=50 μm E=2 μm.
    Pseudokeronopsis flava from live (A-E) and impregnated specimens (F G). A Ventral view of a typical individual; B Arrange-ment of cortical granules on the ventral side; C Three cortical granular rows on the dorsal side; D E Cortical granule groups (arrowhead) and “blood-cell-shaped” granules (arrow) apparatus; F Somatic and oral infraciliature of the ventral side; G Threedorsal kineties and nuclear apparatus. AZM adoral zone of membranelles; BC buccal cirrus; Bicorona FC arranged in arcs formingcirri; DK dorsal kineties; EM endoral membrane; FTC frontoterminal cirri; LMC left marginal cirri; Ma macronuclear nodules; MVCmidventral cirri; PM paroral membrane; RMC right marginal cirri; TC transverse cirri. Scale bars: A G=50 μm E=2 μm.
  • [ Fig. 5. ]  Photomicrographs of Pseudokeronopsis flava from live specimens. A Ventral view of a typical individual; B Flattened lateralview; C Showing flexible body; D Dorsal kineties (arrowheads); E Contractile vacuole (arrowhead); F Arrangement of corticalgranule on ventral side; G H Cortical granule groups (arrowheads) and “blood-cell-shaped” granules (arrow) apparatus on dorsalside; I Three transverse cirri (arrowhead); J K Various food vacuoles; J One kind of Chlorophyta; K Coleps sp. Scale bar: A=50 μm.
    Photomicrographs of  Pseudokeronopsis flava from live specimens. A Ventral view of a typical individual; B Flattened lateralview; C Showing flexible body; D Dorsal kineties (arrowheads); E Contractile vacuole (arrowhead); F Arrangement of corticalgranule on ventral side; G H Cortical granule groups (arrowheads) and “blood-cell-shaped” granules (arrow) apparatus on dorsalside; I Three transverse cirri (arrowhead); J K Various food vacuoles; J One kind of Chlorophyta; K Coleps sp. Scale bar: A=50 μm.
  • [ Fig. 6. ]  Photomicrographs of Pseudokeronopsis flava from impregnated specimens. A Ventral view of a typical individual; B Dorsalkineties (arrowheads); C Two frontoterminal cirri (arrowheads); D Buccal cirrus (arrowhead) and undulating membranes; E Infracil-iatureof bicorona (arrows); F Three transverse cirri (arrowhead). Scale bar: A=50 μm.
    Photomicrographs of  Pseudokeronopsis flava from impregnated specimens. A Ventral view of a typical individual; B Dorsalkineties (arrowheads); C Two frontoterminal cirri (arrowheads); D Buccal cirrus (arrowhead) and undulating membranes; E Infracil-iatureof bicorona (arrows); F Three transverse cirri (arrowhead). Scale bar: A=50 μm.
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