사료 내 파프리카 함량에 따른 당년생 및 1년생 비단잉어(Cyprinus carpio var. koi) 홍백 표피의 체색 변화

Skin Pigmentation of 0-age and 1-age Red- and White-colored Fancy Carp Cyprinus carpio var. koi Fed Diets Containing Different Amounts of Paprika

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  • ABSTRACT

    This study investigated the effect of dietary paprika on the skin coloration of red- and white-colored fancy carp Cyprinus carpio var. koi, in two age groups: 0-age (7.4±0.1 g/fish) and 1-age (164±2.9 g/fish). Three isonitrogenous diets were formulated to contain 0, 5, and 10% paprika (Con, P5 and P10, respectively). Three replicate groups of 0-age fish and two replicate groups of 1-age fish were fed one of the experimental diets for 9 weeks. Survival, weight gain, and feed efficiency were not significantly affected by the dietary paprika level (P>0.05) at both fish sizes. The dietary paprika level influenced the redness (a*), lightness (L*), and yellowness (b*) of fish skin. The L* value of the skin of the fish fed the P5 and P10 diets tended to decrease with feeding period. The skin a* value of 0-age fish (small) fed the diets containing paprika increased significantly with feeding period and was higher than that of fish fed the control diet after 3 weeks (P<0.05). However, the a* value of 1-age fish (large) fed the diets containing paprika tended to increase slightly with feeding period. At the end of the experiment, the skin total carotenoid level was increased significantly in fish of both sizes fed the P5 and P10 diets compared to fish fed the control diet. Therefore, 5% paprika powder in the diet increases the skin redness of red- and white-colored fancy carp, especially in small fish.

  • KEYWORD

    Red- and white-colored fancy carp , Paprika , Skin coloration , Feeding period , Fish size

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  • [Table 1.] Composition of the experimental diets used for improvement of skin color of red- and white-colored fancy carp Cyprinus carpio var. koi
    Composition of the experimental diets used for improvement of skin color of red- and white-colored fancy carp Cyprinus carpio var. koi
  • [Table 2.] Growth performance and feed efficiency of red- and white- colored fancy carp Cyprinus carpio var. koi fed diets containing different paprika levels for 9 weeks at different size 1
    Growth performance and feed efficiency of red- and white- colored fancy carp Cyprinus carpio var. koi fed diets containing different paprika levels for 9 weeks at different size 1
  • [Fig. 1 .] Skin lightness (L*) of small size red- and white-colored fancy carp Cyprinus carpio var. koi fed the diets containing different paprika levels for 9 weeks. Values are mean±SE of three replications. Bars having different capital letters (A-D) are significantly different (P<0.05) according to feeding periods at same diet. Bars bearing different small letters (a-b) are significantly different (P<0.05) among diets at same feeding period.
    Skin lightness (L*) of small size red- and white-colored fancy carp Cyprinus carpio var. koi fed the diets containing different paprika levels for 9 weeks. Values are mean±SE of three replications. Bars having different capital letters (A-D) are significantly different (P<0.05) according to feeding periods at same diet. Bars bearing different small letters (a-b) are significantly different (P<0.05) among diets at same feeding period.
  • [Fig. 2.] Skin lightness (L*) of large size red- and white-colored fancy carp Cyprinus carpio var. koi fed the diets containing different paprika levels for 9 weeks. Values are mean±SE of two replications. Bars having different capital letters (A-B) are significantly different (P<0.05) according to feeding periods at same diet. Bars bearing different small letters (a-b) are significantly different (P<0.05) among diets at same feeding period.
    Skin lightness (L*) of large size red- and white-colored fancy carp Cyprinus carpio var. koi fed the diets containing different paprika levels for 9 weeks. Values are mean±SE of two replications. Bars having different capital letters (A-B) are significantly different (P<0.05) according to feeding periods at same diet. Bars bearing different small letters (a-b) are significantly different (P<0.05) among diets at same feeding period.
  • [Fig. 3.] Skin redness (a*) of small size red- and white-colored fancy carp Cyprinus carpio var. koi fed the diets containing different paprika levels for 9 weeks. Values are mean±SE of three replications. Bars having different capital letters (A-D) are significantly different (P<0.05) according to feeding periods at same diet. Bars bearing different small letters (a-b) are significantly different (P<0.05) among diets at same feing period.
    Skin redness (a*) of small size red- and white-colored fancy carp Cyprinus carpio var. koi fed the diets containing different paprika levels for 9 weeks. Values are mean±SE of three replications. Bars having different capital letters (A-D) are significantly different (P<0.05) according to feeding periods at same diet. Bars bearing different small letters (a-b) are significantly different (P<0.05) among diets at same feing period.
  • [Fig. 4.] Skin redness (a*) of large size red- and white-colored fancy carp Cyprinus carpio var. koi fed the diets containing different paprika levels for 9 weeks. Values are mean±SE of two replications. Bars having different capital letters (A-C) are significantly different (P<0.05) according to feeding periods at same diet.
    Skin redness (a*) of large size red- and white-colored fancy carp Cyprinus carpio var. koi fed the diets containing different paprika levels for 9 weeks. Values are mean±SE of two replications. Bars having different capital letters (A-C) are significantly different (P<0.05) according to feeding periods at same diet.
  • [Fig. 5.] Skin yellowness (b*) of small size red- and white-colored fancy carp Cyprinus carpio var. koi fed the diets containing different paprika levels for 9 weeks. Values are mean±SE of three replications. Bars having different capital letters (A-C) are significantly different (P<0.05) according to feeding periods at same diet. Bars bearing different small letters (a-c) are significantly different (P<0.05) among diets at same feeding period.
    Skin yellowness (b*) of small size red- and white-colored fancy carp Cyprinus carpio var. koi fed the diets containing different paprika levels for 9 weeks. Values are mean±SE of three replications. Bars having different capital letters (A-C) are significantly different (P<0.05) according to feeding periods at same diet. Bars bearing different small letters (a-c) are significantly different (P<0.05) among diets at same feeding period.
  • [Fig. 6.] Skin yellowness (b*) of large size red- and white-colored fancy carp Cyprinus carpio var. koi fed the diets containing different paprika levels for 9 weeks. Values are mean±SE of two replications. Bars having different capital letters (A-C) are significantly different (P<0.05) according to feeding periods at same diet. Bars bearing different small letters (a-b) are significantly different (P<0.05) among diets at same feeding period.
    Skin yellowness (b*) of large size red- and white-colored fancy carp Cyprinus carpio var. koi fed the diets containing different paprika levels for 9 weeks. Values are mean±SE of two replications. Bars having different capital letters (A-C) are significantly different (P<0.05) according to feeding periods at same diet. Bars bearing different small letters (a-b) are significantly different (P<0.05) among diets at same feeding period.
  • [Fig. 7.] Skin total carotenoid of small size red- and white-colored fancy carp fed Cyprinus carpio var. koi the diets containing different paprika levels for 9 weeks. Values are mean±SE of three replications. Bars having different letters (a-b) are significantly different (P<0.05).
    Skin total carotenoid of small size red- and white-colored fancy carp fed Cyprinus carpio var. koi the diets containing different paprika levels for 9 weeks. Values are mean±SE of three replications. Bars having different letters (a-b) are significantly different (P<0.05).
  • [Fig. 8.] Skin total carotenoid of large size red- and white-colored fancy carp Cyprinus carpio var. koi fed the diets containing different paprika levels for 9 weeks. Values are mean±SE of two replications. Bars having different letters (a-b) are significantly different (P<0.05).
    Skin total carotenoid of large size red- and white-colored fancy carp Cyprinus carpio var. koi fed the diets containing different paprika levels for 9 weeks. Values are mean±SE of two replications. Bars having different letters (a-b) are significantly different (P<0.05).